Formatting of scientific work provides for the presence of annotations to it. Abstract for the dissertation should have a certain structure and be issued in several languages – native language and foreign (in most cases – English).
The dissertation abstract is a brief review – a press release. This review will allow the user quickly become familiar with the essence of the work (its content, purpose, method of solution).
So that it will be perceived not only by specialists of this industry, but also by a simple student who can use scientific developments for further improvement. But do not forget that this is a part of scientific work and free retreats will be, at least, not relevant.
In addition to the fact-finding, the next important goal of the dissertation abstract is to interest the potential reader with the issues being studied. After all, the work gives not only scientific, but also practical significance.
The purpose and structure of dissertation abstract
The volume of abstract, which describes the topic of the dissertation and the results of the research, is not established by the regulatory documentation. 2 spellings are allowed: short (up to 1 sheet) and extended (5–6 sheets). Regardless of the size, the abstract consists of 2 blocks: the title (the full name of the author of the dissertation is indicated; the degree to which the applicant is applying; the topic of study, etc.) and the text itself.
The approximate structure, according to which it is necessary to write an abstract, should contain:
1. Relevance of the topic. The attention is focused on the problema, the dissertation is devoted to the solution of which. Provides links to scientific work in this area. It describes problem or unresolved issues that are addressed in the dissertation. The importance and necessity of the conducted research is substantiated.
2. The object of the dissertation research. In this block it is necessary to highlight the process of consideration and description of the process that creates certain obstacles. Overcoming them is studied by the author of the thesis.
3. Subject. It is a part of an object that can contain many items. It is an important, from a practical and scientific point of view, feature or property of the object under study.
4. Purpose and objectives. The goal will be the result, to achieve which, the applicant solves a set of problems. Under which refers to activities that contribute to the achievement of the goal, such as study, analysis, development. The goal can be both theoretical (the study of characteristics, patterns of phenomena, their development, etc.), and practical value (improvement, optimization, efficiency increase, etc.).
In addition to these, welcome coverage of such moments as the novelty of the dissertation research, the significance of the research, etc.